When Pierre Charles L'Enfant gazed northward
along the banks of the Potomac River in 1791, he envisioned a "pedestal
waiting for a monument." Since that day, Washington, DC has evolved into a
fascinating, lively city combining grand, neoclassical government
buildings, monuments, memorials, museums and the National Mall with
colorful neighborhoods, art, theater, music and culture.|
Washington, DC is a powerful symbol not only
of our nation but also of democracy and freedom. The District of
Columbia's neighborhoods, people, history and culture truly embody the
American Experience - from Duke Ellington to John Phillip Sousa and from
the Civil War to civil rights. Only in Washington, DC, can visitors be
inspired by touring the magnificent Capitol Building and Washington
Monument by day and be moved by taking in magical performances by the
National Symphony and world-class opera by night.
During your stay in the nation's capital
city, we encourage you to discover Washington, DC as more than just a
tourist. Become a part of the American Experience. Marvel at the Lincoln
Memorial. Show your children the Star-Spangled Banner. Stop in at Eastern
Market, an amazing European-style gathering of food vendors and artisans.
Explore Jacqueline Kennedy's Washington through a Citywide Celebration and
discover how her love of the arts and this city transformed the nation's
Located midway along the eastern seaboard of the United States, south of
Maryland, north of Virginia and 233 miles south of New York City, the
Washington, DC metropolitan area refers to the District of Columbia, plus
7 Maryland counties (Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Howard,
Montgomery and Prince George's), 5 Virginia counties (Arlington, Fairfax,
Loudon, Prince William and Stafford) and 5 Virginia cities (Alexandria,
Fairfax City, Falls Church, Manassas and Manassas Park).
The District of Columbia is 67 square miles
and divided into 4 quadrants: Northwest, Southwest, Northeast and
Southeast. The U.S. Capitol building marks the center where the quadrants
meet. Numbered streets run north-south. Lettered streets run east-west
(there are no J, X, Y or Z streets), becoming 2-syllable names, then
3-syllable names as you travel farther out from the center. Avenues named
for U.S. states run diagonally, often meeting at traffic circles and
Highest is 420 feet; lowest is sea level.
The population is approximately 572,000 within the city limits of
Washington DC and 5.4 million for
the entire Washington Metro area (this includes surrounding counties of
Virginia and Maryland).
Washington DC's primary industry after the federal government is tourism.
Other important industries include trade associations, as Washington, DC
is home to more associations than any other U.S. city; law; higher
education; medicine/medical research; government-related research and
publishing. Washington, DC metropolitan area is also world headquarters
for corporations such as US Airways, Marriott, Amtrak, Gannett News, Mobil
Oil, Discovery Communication and the International Monetary Fund.
Experience the glory of all four seasons here in Washington, DC. The
average temperatures in the Washington DC Metro area are as follows:
Winter - 45.1º F; Spring - 66.5º F; Summer - 86.7º F; and Fall - 69.2º
weather usually prevails from April until as late as October. Winters are
short here, with more rain than snow.